The major minerals that are measured in chemistry testing are:
- Calcium (total and free ionized)
Calcium and phosphate homeostasis involves the interrelated actions of the following hormones: Parathyroid hormone (PTH), vitamin D metabolites, and calcitonin. These work their magic on bone, the intestine and kidneys to regulate calcium and phosphate concentrations in blood. Magnesium we know less about. In the overview, we cover the hormones involved in calcium and phosphate hemostasis, including parathyroid hormone, parathyroid hormone-related peptide, vitamin D (briefly, it also has its own page), fibroblast growth factor 23 and calcitonin.